Young guard. Remember forever
The generation of the 1920s and 1930s was very different from their parents and from those who survived the war or were born after it. The children of that generation were the first to grow up with the ideals of the world's only state of workers and peasants, with a fierce faith in the future and with the same enthusiasm to create, create, protect and love. They were the most ordinary boys and girls …
History does not know of a case when so many children who were barely 16 years old were executed.
Historical information about Krasnodon
The first settlements in the Luhansk region appeared in the 17th century. The runaway Cossacks founded the Sorokin farm and the settlement named Yekaterinodon in honor of Empress Catherine II and renamed Krasnodon in 1922. In 1913, shortly before the First World War, on the Sorokin farm, inhabited by peasants from the Yekaterinoslav, Kursk, Voronezh, Tambov and Oryol provinces, the first mining of coal began.
The mines emerging one after the other contribute to the influx of population from other territories of Russia and Little Russia. By 1938, the Sorokinsky mines and the settlements around them became part of Krasnodon, Voroshilovgrad region (today again Luhansk), forming a single city. According to the 2008 census, the majority of Krasnodon's population is Russian - 51.3% (Ukrainians - 45.2%); 91.1% of residents consider Russian as their native language.
Until 1943, Krasnodon did not stand out in any way among ordinary cities, of which there were thousands on the pre-war map of the Soviet Union. After the liberation of these territories by the Red Army from the Nazi invaders and the tragedy of "local scale" that happened to the teenagers, sons and daughters of miners, the whole country learned about this city. Alexander Fadeev's novel "Young Guard" told about the atrocities of the Nazis, policemen and the death of 91 Young Guard.
Other children walked the earth
The generation of the 1920s and 1930s was very different from their parents and from those who survived the war or were born after it. The children of that generation were the first to grow up with the ideals of the world's only state of workers and peasants, with a fierce faith in the future and with the same enthusiasm to create, create, protect and love. They were the most ordinary boys and girls, they studied diligently and not very well at school, built their first teenage relationships, dreamed of becoming Stakhanovite miners like their fathers, conquering the sky like Chkalov, the North Pole, like Papanin, acting in films like Lyubov Orlova … But all their dreams were cut short in 1943, five days before the liberation of the city of Krasnodon by the Red Army from the Nazi invaders.
If it were not for the war and millions of lost lives from this generation, perhaps that unique state formation, outlined by the Bolsheviks, created and strengthened by Stalin, would have received a completely different development and would not have ceased to exist so ingloriously, cynically and basely betrayed in 1991. The best of the best, the devoted of the devotees, have died, willingly giving their lives for the happiness of future generations.
There is no death, guys
Voroshilovgrad region and Krasnodon were occupied a year after the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, in the summer of 1942. The Germans needed coal Donbass and Caucasian oil. Leaving the Donetsk steppes, cities and villages almost without a fight, the Red Army is rapidly evacuating enterprises, blowing up important strategic objects, and flooding mines. The residents had the opportunity to leave the city with the army.
The one who left light was saved. The leatherworkers, fearing to lose what they had acquired by overwork, dragged loaded carts with junk and even mirrored cabinets with them. Losing their heads from the stress of war, they displayed all the archetypal properties of their skin vector. Such "caravans" on the roads attracted the attention of German aviation. As a result, the entire column of refugees came under fire.
To intimidate, the Nazis carried out daily punitive actions. During the sweeps, they arrested and shot the remaining residents of Krasnodon on suspicion of unreliability. The execution of 30 miners, who were buried alive in the ground, was indicative. This reprisal was supposed to frighten the local population and subordinate them to the will of the new masters of the region. Contrary to the expectations of the Germans, these measures have the opposite effect on the Krasnodonians. Invisible avengers appear in the city.
With whom did the USSR fight?
The Germans, having the experience of conquering all of Europe, were confident that their repressions would have a strong effect on the Soviet people, cause a feeling of horror and fear for their own lives, and thus ensure their complete submission. It was possible to intimidate the Poles, French, Belgians, etc., by threatening these peoples to take away their property, there was no talk of death. Europeans, with the exception of Jews, Gypsies, communists and partisans, practically did not suffer during the Second World War. The entire experience of Hitler's presence in Europe shows that, saving their own skin, all countries west of the Soviet borders were successfully working for the benefit of the Third Reich. In addition to the economy, every European country provided the Hitlerite army with human resources.
“In Soviet captivity, in addition to 1.5 million Germans, there were 1.1 million citizens of European countries, among them - 500 thousand Hungarians, almost 157 thousand Austrians, 70 thousand Czechs and Slovaks, 60 thousand Poles, about 50 thousand Italians, 23 thousand French, 50 thousand Spaniards. There were also Dutch, Finns, Norwegians, Danes, Belgians and others”. So with whom did the USSR fight? With fascist Germany or with fascist Europe?
People with a skin vector, dexterous and flexible, striving to preserve the integrity of their own bodies and simultaneously increase their capital, will not come into conflict with any power, but prefer to negotiate peacefully with it, at least bribe it, and it is better to make money on it.
This skin trick has never worked in Russia. Any attempts to pressure and intimidate Soviet people and Russians, the heirs of the urethral mentality, always provoked the opposite reaction, giving a powerful explosion to confrontation.
From the first days of their stay in Krasnodon, the Germans did not feel calm and confident. The more they organized punitive operations, the more the “flock” was consolidated, giving a brutal rebuff to the enemy. The center of this consolidation has become adolescents and children, united in a single force, whose name is "urethral justice". The psychic of this particular generation, like no other before and after, was marked with a special sign of mercy and the happiness of urethral bestowal.
When retreating in the occupied territories, messengers and underground workers remained behind enemy lines. It was not difficult to find brave, courageous people among the population who had absorbed the spirit of love for their homeland and their people. Moreover, they soon declared themselves.
The incessant burning of buildings in various districts of the city where the Nazis were housed were organized by small groups of local teenagers, students from various schools in the city of Krasnodon. For a concerted action, disparate groups were united into a single one by Oleg Koshev. Sergei Tyulenin suggested calling it "Young Guard". All participants, divided into fives, unquestioningly obeyed Ivan Turkenich, who became the head of the youth Komsomol organization, an artillery officer who escaped from captivity, a Krasnodon underground worker.
Happy movie of the unhappy forties
The Nazis, who occupied the Donbass with lightning speed, were faced with the task of rebuilding the mines in the shortest possible time, establishing the production of coal, which Germany needed for further waging a war with the USSR. German propaganda showed newsreels about the happy everyday life of the Wehrmacht soldiers, filmed in shady gardens and on the river banks near Donetsk. In it, the soldiers rested and recovered their strength, smiling at the movie camera. This is how the German people and, of course, the Fuehrer should have seen them.
There, in Germany, they still believed the filmed idylls and cinema surrogates of propaganda cinema, which underwent the strictest Goebbels censorship. Correspondence from the front was checked out and no one was embarrassed by the note “Checked by military censorship”. Their burghers, bribed by Himmler's promises and the Wehrmacht's guarantees to carry out a blitzkrieg in order to expand the "German living space" to the Ural Mountains, had to be kept in the dark, away from news of real events on the Eastern Front.
Then, in the early 40s, however, as today, Ukraine was considered not a national, but a territorial concept on which the "Untermensch" lived. They were in no hurry to destroy these "subhumans" with "hails" and destroy their houses, reasonably understanding that Germany needed labor. “I can squeeze every last drop out of this country. The population must work, work and work again. " (Erich Koch, Reich Commissioner of Ukraine). However, there were some casualties. Reichskommissar Koch was involved in the death of 4 million people in Ukraine, in the robbery and removal of a huge number of cultural monuments, in the deportation of 2.5 million Ostarbeiters to Germany.
From hooligans to "Heroes of the Soviet Union"
For a long time Soviet propaganda tried to create images of good boys and good girls out of fearless Young Guard, idealizing all aspects of their existence, not knowing that obedient children never grow into heroes.
"Why they consider me incorrigible" - this was the title of a note by Seryozha Tyulenin, a student of school No. 4 in Krasnodon, written for a local newspaper. "My behavior deteriorated because they began to pay little attention to me at school and at home … I will take up my studies, listen carefully to my lessons, do my homework and become what a pioneer should be." In order for him to improve, Seryozha was put at the same desk with Lyuba Shevtsova. So they stayed until June 22, 1941.
According to the recollections of local residents, many of the Young Guard were street hooligans and mischievous people, whom neither the school nor their parents could cope with. This fact does not make the feat of Krasnodon schoolchildren less significant.
Having entered the underground organization, they, unexpectedly for themselves, got the opportunity to realize the hidden properties of their nature. System-vector psychology of Yuri Burlan precisely defines these properties of vectors. For example, the risk to which every urethral seeks, the organization that the skinny needs, the ability to observe are the hallmarks of the visual. All these qualities that the Young Guard possessed were used by them in the struggle against the Nazis. But most importantly, from childhood these boys and girls had a heightened sense of urethral justice, collectivism, responsibility for the task entrusted to them, for the life of comrades, for their people, for their country.
Sergei Tyulenin was no exception. A young man with a pronounced urethral vector, hatred of the enemy and a tendency to pyromania. His assistant and accomplice in the arson was Lyuba Shevtsova, a classmate and a neighbor on the desk.
A skin-visual girl, a dancer and a songstress, in peacetime would have been Seryozha's muse, and now, in a state of "war", having completed training courses for scouts and radio operators, instead of being evacuated or sent to the front, she was left in Krasnodon to work with the underground.
"Your trip to Germany is an honor and the best school for you" 
During the six months of the occupation of Krasnodon, the Germans did not manage to take out of the city a single echelon of coal, the most important strategic fuel of those years. The rubble, cleared in the mines, formed anew overnight. None of the Sorokinsky mines was commissioned. Any attempt to mine coal was sabotaged.
Younger brothers and sisters of the Young Guard helped to rewrite leaflets and summaries of the Soviet Information Bureau. Then, when the machine appeared, they learned to print on it. Older people posted leaflets around the city in crowded places. So, remaining in a state of information hunger and ignorance about what was happening outside the occupation zone, the population received messages from Moscow and hope for an early release.
The Nazis created labor exchanges, which collected information about the working population of Krasnodon. They prepared lists of boys and girls to be sent by laborers to work in Germany. In the fire set up by the Young Guard in the exchange building, all registration lists burned down, it was impossible to restore them.
Great "tomorrow" not for everyone
The failure of the Young Guard Komsomol organization was due to a denunciation of one of its members to the police. Local residents who hated Soviet power served as policemen. It is a well-known fact that they were instructed to carry out arrests, interrogations and executions of the Young Guards. The teenagers were subjected to the brutal torture that frustrated anal sadists were capable of. Many of them were thrown alive into a pit 50 meters deep.
In world history, there have not been and there are no precedents for the creation of such a small town as Krasnodon in the occupied territory of an organization similar to the "Young Guard".
“From Moscow to the very outskirts,” this “generation of the just” lived a great “tomorrow” and gave all its strength to bring this “tomorrow” closer, and most importantly, to correspond to it. Some would argue that well-organized Soviet propaganda shaped children's characters. Yes, it was propaganda aimed at fostering patriotic feelings, which taught to love their homeland and each of its citizens to feel responsibility not only for their little flock - family, but for the whole big country, from sea to sea. Protect, not speculate, its potential, preserve, not destroy, your multinational people to please the Western "democrats".
Teenagers from the "Young Guard" became an example of courage for all Soviet youth and a model of heroism for today's residents of Donetsk and Lugansk. When the will to freedom is strong, even children are able to withstand heavily armed adults.
Love for one's land and Fatherland carries a powerful emotional message to the brain and gives such incredible strength that any occupier, whoever he is, will always "lose the war to yesterday's miners and tractor drivers."
List of references
- Valery Panov. "Against whom Europe fought"
- From the leaflet at the labor exchange