Innovation In Psychology: An Eight-Dimensional Projection Of The Pleasure Principle

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Innovation In Psychology: An Eight-Dimensional Projection Of The Pleasure Principle
Innovation In Psychology: An Eight-Dimensional Projection Of The Pleasure Principle
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Innovation in Psychology: An Eight-Dimensional Projection of the Pleasure Principle

A scientific article based on Yuri Burlan's System-Vector Psychology (On System-Vector Psychoanalysis) was presented at the I International Scientific and Practical Conference "New Word in Science and Practice: Hypotheses and Approbation of Research Results" (Novosibirsk, November 9, 2012) …

A scientific article based on Yuri Burlan's System-Vector Psychology (about system-vector psychoanalysis) was presented at the I International Scientific and Practical Conference

A NEW WORD IN SCIENCE AND PRACTICE: HYPOTHESES AND APPROBATION OF RESEARCH RESULTS

The conference was held in Novosibirsk on November 9, 2012. The article was published in the collection of conference materials.

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We present the text of the article included in the collection (ISSN 978-5-7782-2084-3):

INNOVATION IN PSYCHOLOGY: EIGHT-DIMENSIONAL PROJECTION OF THE PRINCIPLE OF PLEASURE

The article shows the latest direction in the development of psychological knowledge and psychoanalytic practice, the guiding principle of which is the study of the regularities of the functioning and development of such a sphere of the human psyche as the unconscious. The main provisions of the new direction - systemic psychoanalysis are outlined.

Progress is a characteristic feature of scientific knowledge. The history of psychology as one of the spheres of scientific knowledge, the subject of which is the human psyche, demonstrates the gradual accumulation of empirical knowledge about the manifestations of human nature, as well as more or less successful attempts to structure the experience gained, elevating practical knowledge to the level of a concept, a harmonious scientific system that unites theoretical abstraction and practical manifestation.

The emergence of classical psychoanalysis marked the transition of psychological science to a new level of understanding of the driving forces of human existence. Sigmund Freud, no matter how critical we are of the methods and conclusions of his research, became a guide to a new era of human consciousness. For the first time, a psychoanalyst was able to look into such abysses of the human soul, the presence of which, on the one hand, clearly made itself felt, on the other, did not have a methodology for their disclosure and description. Since then, the study of the conscious and unconscious, natural and cultural in a person, individual and social, and most importantly, the area of ​​intersection of these "realities" in a person, the problem of their coordination and conflicts attracted the attention of scientists, and remained an unsolvable problem for researchers with both objective and and from the methodological side.

Freud's method showed the obviousness of the libidinal nature of human desires, however, Freud and the followers of the "old" psychoanalytic school could not identify the specifics of the volumetric implementation of this principle, all the laws of its formation, development and implementation. This has become the task of psychoanalysis of the present.

The main principle that accompanies a person throughout his entire existence is the principle of pleasure: we want to receive pleasure and joy from life and do not want to suffer. We all strive for happiness, but we understand it in different ways. Having identified the role of pleasure as the leading unconscious impulse of human behavior and activity, psychoanalysis and the branches of psychology that subsequently emerged from it localized its education in the field of the unconscious, in the form of libido. Understood in a broad sense as "attraction to life", "psychic energy", libido directs a person to actions of any kind - from the most elementary body movements to forms of joint activity of a collective order. The genesis of all possible forms of human activity in psychoanalysis is explained as an expression of libido.

In the system-vector psychology developed by Yuri Burlan, we see a systemic disclosure of the nature of the unconscious, an analysis of the basic laws of its development and functioning. The multidimensionality of libido, its richness and integrity of manifestations are shown on the scale of the individual and collective, in the unity of manifestations, interconnection with reality and in dynamics. The interaction of the natural (natural) psychic energy of a person and the emerging cultural superstructure has received here its volumetric and systemic explanation, which forms a holistic picture of the development of human society, which makes it possible to highlight some tendencies of its further advancement in the arena of world history.

An important concept of the system-vector, or systemic, psychoanalysis is the concept used in Freud's psychoanalysis - the erogenous zone. Yuri Burlan considers it in connection with each of the 8 systemic measures - “vectors”, which set a certain direction of the mental in the implementation of the pleasure principle. Thus, the concept of "system vector" is associated with the implementation of such a basic principle of human existence as the principle of pleasure in the broad sense of all life-creation. The quality of life "lived" by a person is directly related to his innate desires and specific properties, a special type of character, which determines the individual life scenario, and all these factors are combined into the concept of "vector". The vector system determines the ways of human interaction with the environment:the desire to realize unconscious desires pushes a person to correlate the principle of pleasure with his contemporary life realities. A person, guided by the desire for pleasure, develops and realizes himself in an adequate state, this happens through the joint transformation of the landscape and his own adaptive abilities.

In explaining the nature of mental deviations, an important place in classical psychoanalysis was occupied by the study of the formation and development of human sexuality, the peculiarities of sublimation or suppression of his drives. Freud's discovery of the process of sublimation, that is, the transformation of libidinal energy into creative, socially productive, showed that the principle of pleasure guides a person not only in sexual relations, but also in his social activity, personal realization.

Freud's find was the beginning of fundamental changes in the understanding of the human psyche, and Sigmund Freud himself is rightfully considered an outstanding figure in the science of the soul. Freudian psychoanalysis singled out the main subject of research - the unconscious, and further in the studies and works of Freud and his students, the nature of the unconscious is partially revealed.

In system-vector psychology, Yuri Burlan develops the concept of the eight-dimensional nature of the unconscious, revealing the patterns of its functioning and development - at the individual, group, mental levels. Eight erogenous zones, pronounced and observed in the human body, found their connection with character traits and, in general, with the outlook, world outlook and all human life. This connection is called "vector" - a set of innate properties, desires, abilities that determine a person's thinking, his values ​​and the way he moves through life. Eight vectors of realization of the principle of pleasure and their combination add up the exact matrix of the unconscious. Depending on the set of vectors in a person, the degree of their development and social fulfillment, stable life scenarios are formed,and in some cases, complexes.

It is the vectors of innate desires and abilities that determine a person's values, his thinking and behavior, his aspirations and capabilities, and mental properties. Desires are the unconscious basis of personality. System-vector psychology in its study of human nature relies on the empirical foundation of differentiating human desires by vectors.

The vectors reveal sexuality and the specificity of eroticism of a particular person. Sexual attraction, forms of its realization and orientation in the choice of an object, sexual fantasies, sexual frustrations are explained by the peculiarities of the sphere of the unconscious. System-vector psychology, differentiating the internal, unconscious desires of a person, distinguishes between systemic types of sexuality. This makes it possible to accurately understand the reasons for perverse manifestations, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, to see the ways of positive realization of sexual attraction, adequate to the modern conditions of human society.

One of the provisions of system-vector psychology is the following: "pleasure is given, but not provided." For the realization of desires, all the necessary abilities and properties are initially set. However, receiving pleasure in these properties is not provided by nature. The development of natural potential is required, but it is not provided and depends on society, on the environment in which a person was born and grows up. As a result of the development of given properties, or the reverse status - their underdevelopment, a person receives a kind of tools of varying degrees of adequacy to the world in which he lives. He masters the ways of filling his desires with pleasure. Development and implementation - these concepts are key in the system-vector psychology of Yuri Burlan, revealing the ways in which vectors are manifested in the life of an individual, collective, society.

Child psychology stands out as a significant direction in system-vector psychology. The correct upbringing of a child is to contribute to his adequate development. And above all, adequate in relation to his own "nature", that is, innate desires-abilities, because this is what ensures the harmonious and natural development of the child's psyche. The adequacy of mental development also depends on the system of educational tools, the choice of which should ideally vary depending on the natural inclinations of the child, the individual set of system vectors expressing his mental intentions in relation to the world around him, including to his parents, peers, the older generation, to strangers. The pleasure principle is as important for children as it is for adults. The latter depends onwhether the level of its filling will remain at a primitive "animal" level, or will it be sublimated into socially acceptable forms. A competent definition of educational methods can significantly facilitate mutual understanding and interaction between parent and child and will never cause neuroses and mental deviations in the future. Whether a child will grow up to be a happy person, a full-fledged developed personality depends largely on the psychological literacy of parents and educators. System-vector psychology allows from birth to see the natural inclinations of a child, his strengths and weaknesses, to accurately identify innate abilities and talents and know how to develop them so that a small person can quickly adapt to modern society, avoid problems with mental and physical health, and was a happy man,who enjoy life and joy.

Our greatest pleasure comes from interacting with people: the other person is the most powerful source of joy. And here is the greatest suffering, we also receive them from people, from our close or distant environment. Man is a being living in society, his whole life is spent in interaction with a group, a collective. A certain role in a group is given to a person by his unconscious aspirations, which can be translated into a life scenario of varying degrees of awareness, or they remain “unmotivated” drives of unconscious complexes. We enjoy the realization of our desire and, embodying it, we thereby, willingly or unwillingly, perform this or that role in society.

Each person individually and all people together are directed by their desires and actions that embody them towards the only goal - happiness. System-vector psychology differentiates eight conditional types of desire and receiving pleasure, which, when combined, add up a mosaic of human character, set mental characteristics - the nature of society (mentality) and even the nature of the era (social formation). In Yuri Burlan's system-vector psychoanalysis, there are eight "terms" - directions called vectors, a kind of guidelines on the path of unconsciousness.

Thus, Yuri Burlan in system-vector psychology brings psychoanalysis and knowledge about the human psyche to a level where the study of the unconscious outlined by Freud is brought to a harmonious scientific knowledge that integrates personality psychology in the context of social psychology. Moreover, a distinctive feature of Yuri Burlan's system-vector psychology is that in this paradigm, based on the theoretical and empirical basis, an integral systemic picture of the world is formulated, which is one of the important distinctive characteristics of scientific knowledge.

List of references

1. Ochirov. Systemically about tolerance. A look through the prism of culture and civilization. // Methodological guide for conducting seminars and game trainings aimed at the formation of a tolerant consciousness. / ed. A.S. Kravtsova, N.V. Emelyanova; SPb., 2012, pp. 109-127.

2. Freud Z. et al. Erotica: psychoanalysis and the doctrine of characters. - SPb.: A. Goloda Publishing House, 2003.

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