Trends in the development of the social and humanitarian sphere: system-vector psychology of Yuri Burlan
Man and society are two integral components of a single whole, their consideration and description is possible only as interrelated, mutually conditioning realities. New systematic work in the collection of materials of the international scientific-practical conference "The existence of science and the life of the scientific community".
The new systematic work was published in the collection of materials of the international scientific and practical conference, among the organizers of which are the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the South Ural Branch of the Russian Philosophical Society, the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, etc.
THE BEING OF SCIENCE AND THE LIFE OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY
The full text, printed on pages 179-185 in the conference collection, is presented here:
DEVELOPMENT TRENDS OF THE SOCIAL AND HUMANITAR SPHERE: SYSTEM-VECTOR PSYCHOLOGY OF YURI BURLAN
Social and humanitarian cognition is oriented in its research search towards identifying special foundations (structures, essence) that would determine the nature of being of sociality. Explication of social statics and social dynamics needs to identify and describe the internal laws of the life of society and man, which are found in a rich factual picture of social reality, various changes, events, states of man and society. At the same time, in our opinion, it is obvious that society in the variety of its manifestations represents the changing being of a person, and a person, realizing his personal needs and values in society, forms and reproduces the structure and methods of functioning of the life of society. This implies,that in order to clarify the internal intentions and mechanisms of the existence of man and society, it is necessary to consider them in a presentational connection. Such a methodological principle of the incorporation of man and society is important both in those cases when a researcher undertakes to describe the genealogy of social life, its states and development trends, and when the essence and existence of man becomes the subject of scientific discourse. Man and society are two integral components of a single whole, their consideration and description is possible only as interrelated, mutually conditioning realities.when the subject of scientific discourse becomes the essence and existence of man. Man and society are two integral components of a single whole, their consideration and description is possible only as interrelated, mutually conditioning realities.when the essence and existence of a person becomes the subject of scientific discourse. Man and society are two integral components of a single whole, their consideration and description is possible only as interrelated, mutually conditioning realities.
The specificity of the methodology of the social and humanitarian corpus of sciences is determined by the peculiarities of the subject, to the detection and explanation of which this methodology seeks approaches. The complexity of the subject of the sciences about man and society is due to the multiplicity of the concepts that describe it, the contradictory definitions, the ambiguity of the results of scientific research. One way or another, researchers of the past and the present express an understanding that what they are looking for is hidden driving forces (or force), metaphysical, but at the same time manifesting in an obvious, natural way, the action of which can explain specific manifestations of human existence, features of human interaction, society and nature: consciousness, language, purposeful activity, morality, social structure, culture. Whatever concepts explaining the origin of man and society,we did not take: naturalism (C. Darwin, J.-B. Lamarck) evolutionism (L. Morgan, E. Taylor, J. Fraser), sociologism (E. Durkheim, A. Radcliffe-Brown), functionalism (B. Malinovsky, E. Evans-Pichard), anthropologism (F. Boas, M. Moss, L. White), structuralism (K. Levi-Strauss, C. Jung, F. Saussure), - in each of them there are tendencies towards the allocation of internal (mental, emotional, mental) structures, characteristic of a person, reproduced by him in the organization of individual and social life.mental) structures that are characteristic of a person, reproduced by him in the organization of individual and social life.mental) structures that are characteristic of a person, reproduced by him in the organization of individual and social life.
In system-vector psychology, Yuri Burlan reveals the mechanisms of the functioning of the unconscious. The unconscious is the very unknown that is shown to us in the equations of personal experiences and social events, global changes. The structure of the psychic, the life of the unconscious is based on a principle known from ancient times - the principle of pleasure. At the heart of the needs of a person as an individual or a representative of a team is the realization of this basic aspiration. The development of culture is revealed as the history of the development of a collective desire to live in order to enjoy. System-vector psychology shows that desire is the very basis that constitutes a person's personality, the mentality of a people, a particular historical epoch. The structure of desires hidden in the unconscioustheir interconnection and mutual development is revealed in the formation of a unique life scenario of an individual, shines through in social dynamics as its internal driving force. The task is to correctly differentiate these desires. And it receives its decision in system-vector psychology, the legitimacy of which is confirmed by the repeatability of observations and results.
The incorporation of a person and society is clearly traced in the development of social relations and practices, which are based on mental structures clearly traced by system-vector psychology. The relationship between the personal and the collective mental (the system of desires and properties) is revealed in the concept of system-vector psychology “species role”. This is such a historically developing function, realized by a person in a specific collective and society as a whole in a certain historical period ("formation"), the invariable foundation of which is based on natural desires and psycho-physical properties necessary for their implementation.
To understand the mechanism of distribution and functioning in a collective (both primitive and modern) of species roles, it is necessary to have an idea of the mental as integral, unified and having an eight-dimensional nature. The connection between the psychic and the natural (natural, bodily) is recorded in the key for the system-vector category "vector", which is defined as a set of innate properties, desires, abilities that determine a person's thinking, his values and a way of moving through life. Each vector corresponds to a particularly sensitive bodily zone, called, as in classical psychoanalysis, the "erogenous zone". In total, there are eight systemic vectors (and eight erogenous zones): cutaneous, muscular, anal, urethral, visual, sound, oral, olfactory. Together they make up a single eight-dimensional matrix of the unconscious,unfolding in individual and collective life.
Observations of the connection between character traits with some specific, especially sensitive parts of the body were theoretically expressed by Sigmund Freud, the founder of classical psychoanalysis, a scientist who made a real revolution in the social and humanitarian knowledge of his time. The structure of the unconscious, the existence of which Freud guessed, has remained a secret room until now. In his latest book, New Frontiers of Human Nature, A. Maslow wrote: “I argue that the basic needs and meta needs I have described are also biological needs in the strict sense of the word: deprivations that prevent their satisfaction lead to disease. The needs under consideration are associated with the basic structure of the organism itself; some genetic basis is involved here, no matter how weak it is.It also gives me confidence that one fine day biochemical, neurological, endocrine substrates or bodily mechanisms will be discovered that will explain these needs and these diseases at the biological level”[2, p. 33].
The assumptions of psychologists, anthropologists, philosophers today have received confirmation and their practical significance at a fundamentally new level in the concept of the vector structure of the human psyche developed by Yuri Burlan. The interrelation of bodily mechanisms and needs (both biological and social order), character and its bodily manifestation in system-vector psychology is for the first time shown with all evidence, verifiability, unambiguity. The pleasure principle as the driving principle of all the needs of man and society is revealed in the direct connection of the soul ("psychē" - soul) and the body, and only in this connection is it expressed. The interdisciplinary approach used by systemic vector psychology makes it possible to verify the accuracy of systemic conclusions in areas related to psychology, including natural sciences, and, most importantly,find in them the scope of direct application.
"A great change in the psychological approach is inevitable," predicted Carl Jung in an interview in 1959, "this is definitely because we need psychology more, we need more knowledge of human nature … We know nothing about man - negligible." The source of all future evil or good is the human psyche, and Jung was rightly worried, realizing that humanity does not understand this.
“I am what I am” - until the moment of such insight, a person walks, as if in a fog, living not his own, but someone else's life, experiencing colossal mental suffering from this, acquiring mysterious (but in fact psychologically conditioned) somatic disorders and disease. Self-awareness is a way to get out of the fog, to separate oneself from other people and things, gaining self-identity and building on its basis a self-actualization adequate to the nature of one's desires and properties. Self-awareness is the door to awareness of the psychic, hidden in the unconscious. “I believe that it is possible to help an individual move towards complete humanity only through his knowledge of his identity,” wrote A. Maslow. Psychology proclaims the priority of the task in knowing oneself, the problem of the search for identity is recognized as being of paramount importance. Only a mentally healthy personself-actualizing, realized can create a healthy "good" society. Today we see how the identified problems get solutions.
Self-awareness as the disclosure of one's own mental, decoding of the collective and individual unconscious is provided by system-vector psychology through the development of a special language, a special methodology. On the basis of system-vector psychoanalysis, an explanation is obtained for the negative phenomena of modern society, the causes of mental discomfort and human dissatisfaction expressed by collective frustrations, crimes: the growth of child suicide, juvenile delinquency, the disintegration of family relations, drug addiction, alcoholism, corruption, anti-state sentiments of the population of Russia, etc. In addition to posing problems in the system-vector psychology of Yuri Burlan, there are answers as to how their solution is possible.The most important advantage of system-vector psychology is the ability to notice trends in the development of events and states, based on an understanding of the objective laws of mental functioning, and to see the beginnings of future structural changes concerning the private and the collective. All this can serve as a powerful foundation for the intensive development of social sciences and humanities and, most importantly, positive social changes.
LIST OF REFERENCES
1. Ganzen V.A. Perception of whole objects. Systemic descriptions in psychology. - L.: Publishing house Leningrad. un-that, 1984.
2. Maslow A. New frontiers of human nature. / Per. from English. - 2nd ed., Rev. - M.: Sense: alpina non-fiction, 2011.-- 496 p.
3. Ochirova V.B, Goldobina L.A. Psychology of personality: vectors of realization of the pleasure principle. // "Scientific discussion: issues of pedagogy and psychology": materials of the VII international correspondence scientific and practical conference. Part III. (November 21, 2012) - Moscow: Publishing house. "International Center for Science and Education", 2012. - p.108-112.
4. Ochirova VB Innovation in Psychology: An Eight-Dimensional Projection of the Pleasure Principle. // Proceedings of the I International Scientific and Practical Conference "New Word in Science and Practice: Hypotheses and Approbation of Research Results"; Novosibirsk, 2012.- p.97-102.
5. Freud Z. et al. Erotica: psychoanalysis and the doctrine of characters. - SPb.: A. Goloda Publishing House, 2003.