Mishka Yaponchik Is A Legend Of The Underworld. Part 3. King Of Odessa

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Mishka Yaponchik Is A Legend Of The Underworld. Part 3. King Of Odessa
Mishka Yaponchik Is A Legend Of The Underworld. Part 3. King Of Odessa
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Mishka Yaponchik is a legend of the underworld. Part 3. King of Odessa

It is difficult to talk about the women of Mikhail Vinnitsky, since there is almost no evidence of who they are, what they are, who they were or have become. It is known that he was married to a beautiful, well-mannered, well-educated and wealthy skin-visual woman, Tsile Averman.

Part 1. Isaac Babel. Benya Krik and everything, everything, everything … Part 2. Robin Hood from Moldavanka Mine tochter Surkele walks with urkele …

It is difficult to talk about the women of Mikhail Vinnitsky, since there is almost no evidence of who they are, what they are, who they were or have become. It is known that he was married to a beautiful, well-mannered, well-educated and wealthy skin-visual woman, Tsile Averman.

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There are many versions of this couple's acquaintance, but they all look more like fictions and an attempt to romanticize the relationship between a "young lady and a bully." Hundreds of guests walked at their wedding for several days, and all of Odessa, with bated breath, watched what was happening. To prevent the "dragons" -police from interfering with the celebration and raiding important guests, the criminals set fire to the police station. The wedding took place in 1918, in the same year their daughter Ada was born.

Soon the young woman becomes a widow and in 1921 she went abroad, leaving her daughter Adele to her mother-in-law. Tsilya never saw the child again, and how her further fate developed is unknown. In addition to the fact that she settled in France and, presumably, used the savings that Mikhail Vinnitsky left her in Western banks. Her attempts to take her daughter to her were unsuccessful.

At the training of Yuri Burlan "System-vector psychology" we learn that the union of the skin-visual woman and the urethral man is natural. If you examine the biographies of men with an urethral vector, then in each one you can find a trace of the skin-visual muse, for the sake of which the urethral performs his "royal" feats.

This is his specific role, contributing to the preservation of the flock and its continuation in time due to the emergence of new members or increase in its number by expanding the boundaries, uniting with other flocks, that is, expansion. By increasing the flock by capturing new territories, the leader takes responsibility for the lives of its new members. In this he is supported by the skin-visual woman, who, through the creation of culture and cultural prohibitions, raises the value of human life.

Some historical documents preserved in the archives of the Bolsheviks and associated with the execution of Mishka Yaponchik report that on the day of his death there was another woman named Liza next to him. Most likely, she was his friend and, as is often the case with urethral patients, she went to the front with him. Liza, like Moisey Vinnitsky, died at the hands of the commander of the cavalry division Nikifor Ursulov, who was sent to the Voznesensk station to detain the train and arrest Mishka Yaponchik and his small detachment, heading for Odessa.

We are neither white nor red. We are black suit

It is not difficult to understand the political predilections of Mikhail Vinnitsky. He was an "honest thief" outside of politics. However, some researchers of his short life argue that the Japanese was an anarchist, moreover, a representative of a special "southern anarchism" - a kind of dashing Robin Hood. In general, in pre-revolutionary Russia there was no concept of "organized crime". Here "Robingudism" and "Dubrovism" flourished - exactly what was close to the wide soul of any urethral.

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There were many Dubrovskys in Russia. The same Grigory Kotovsky, when attacking his victim, in a special courage relished the famous Pushkin phrase: “Hello, Masha! I am Dubrovsky!”- replacing the surname of the hero of the story of the same name with his own.

The surge of the anarchist movement in Odessa can be attributed to the middle of 1917. The provisional government began to carry out arrests of the left in Petrograd, which caused the movement of the anarchists to the provinces. If it were not for this fact, it is still unknown whether Mikhail Vinnitsky - Mishka Yaponchik would have remained in his hometown or would have settled, for example, in revolutionary Petrograd, through which he returned from hard labor.

In their anarchist-communist sound ideas, Russian southerners saw the society of the future "as a federation of independent communes on the basis of contractual principles", where there was no private property and statehood. Such urethral dreamers included Nestor Makhno, Marusya Nikiforova, Anatoly Zheleznyakov, Mishka Yaponchik. In this they were supported by several thousand people in Kharkov, Odessa, Yekaterinoslav.

If the urethral-sound Nestor Ivanovich Makhno "organized the first communes in Gulyaypole, Yekaterinoslav province, where everyone who entered them worked according to his ability, and the results of labor were shared equally among everyone," then in 1918, not without the support of the Jewish military squad of Moisei Vinnitsky, was also created an independent state unit - the Odessa Soviet Republic.

Listen, king, I have a few words for you …

Taking into account the specifics of the half-million city, in which, including its suburbs, there were up to twenty thousand "bandit-tramps", the Odessa Bolsheviks and anarchists did everything possible to make their man a "king of thieves".

Kotovsky and Seidler claimed the place of the "king of Odessa", surrounded by a trusted and proven flock in the form of their own squads. Two urethral patients in Odessa were cramped, and there were already three of them with Mishka Yaponchik. The goals of Kotovsky and Seidler were obvious - to crush Yaponchik's "army". It remains to be seen what the October Revolution would have turned into, and it was undoubtedly the dream of both a Bessarabian and an anarchist-terrorist to take over the richest Black Sea city, which since the time of Duke de Richelieu has become a free port.

In Odessa, alarmed by the revolutionary confusion, people from all over the country arrived far from poor. Lingering in Odessa before being sent to Istanbul, Marseilles, Paris and London, they became a tasty bait for cheats, thieves and robbers. Ladies of the half-light and prostitutes from the "streets of white sheets" (Odessa analogue of the Amsterdam Red Light District) set to work even more intensively.

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King of Odessa Mishka Yaponchik, worried about the lives of his people, taking care of the "vigilantes", achieved their inclusion in the Odessa Soviet army as a reserve of the government and command, and even found a way to transfer the squad to state support.

However, the Odessa Soviet Republic as an independent state unit was not recognized by Lenin. The change of power did not contribute to the establishment of order, and the bandits who actively participated in the formation of the as yet unrecognized republic and armed with "revolutionary mandates" felt themselves masters in the city and continued to expropriate the expropriators on a "legal basis". Now they have the opportunity to rob openly, calling their actions "a struggle against private property, and their authority Mishka Yaponchik becomes the commander of one of the" main "revolutionary detachments that guards the Odessa government" (V. Savchenko, "Odessa in the era of wars and revolutions 1914 -1920 ").

One goal, only different means

"We … have one goal - to fight the capitalists, only the means are different …" - said the Japanese to the underground, participating in the urban guerrilla war against the White Guards and interventionists.

Revolutionary sentiments swept across all strata of society. Even criminals wanted to be involved in the great events of the October Revolution. In the newspaper "Odessa mail" on February 2, 1918, not without the editorial staff of Mishka Yaponchik, an appeal was published by the "group of thieves of Odessa", in which professional thieves pledged to rob only the rich and demanded "respect" for themselves. They wrote: “We, a group of professional thieves, also shed blood … walking hand in hand with fellow sailors and workers against the Haidamaks. We also have the right to bear the title of citizens of the Russian Republic!"

The Odessa raider king had a class hatred of the bourgeoisie: “We only robbed the bourgeoisie who came to Odessa from all over Soviet Russia hoping to sit out. We have raided banks, nightclubs and clubs. The invaders could not feel at ease anywhere - not in gambling houses, not in restaurants, not in cafes."

Mikhail Vinnitsky owned a gambling business in Odessa, collected tribute from drug dealers, hosted the Monte Carlo restaurant, the Illusion cinema at the corner of Myasoedovskaya and Prokhorovskaya, and was even going to acquire the Odessa film factory, the last place of work of Vera Kholodnaya, a great silent film actress and a failed Russian Mata Hari.

Back in the summer of 1918, the Soviet People's Commissar A. Lunacharsky and the commander of the Moscow Military District N. Muralov, who oversaw the military intelligence plans for Ukraine, issued Vera Holodnaya and the group of actors with whom she was filmed and among whom were the "red scouts", a mandate to move for filming to Odessa.

The southern city was then part of the hetmanate. Soviet intelligence needed to develop the chief of staff of the French troops in Odessa, Colonel Freudenberg. This is where the star of the Russian silent film Vera Kholodnaya was needed, who was faced with the task of “making the French Colonel Freudenberg fall in love with herself and recruiting him with the help of love networks”.

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The skin-visual actress managed to complete this task. Skin-visual combat friends not only accompanied their men in the war, but also took part in hostilities on an equal basis with them, becoming snipers, signalmen, scouts. Probably, information about the activities of the actress behind enemy lines was intercepted by the White Guard counterintelligence. This was followed by the sudden mysterious death of Vera Kholodnaya, allegedly from a Spanish woman. However, all the symptoms were indicative of poisoning. Maybe they put poison in her wine or presented her with a poisoned bouquet of flowers. Director Nikita Mikhalkov in the film "Slave of Love" touches on this topic, leaving the mystery of Vera Kholodnaya's death behind the scenes.

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